Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Sexual and Reproductive Health Care Receipt Among Young Males Aged 15-24

TitleSexual and Reproductive Health Care Receipt Among Young Males Aged 15-24
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsMarcell, AV, Gibbs, SE, Pilgrim, NA, Page, KR, Arrington-Sanders, R, Jennings, JM, Loosier, PS, Dittus, PJ
JournalJ Adolesc Health
Date PublishedApr
ISBN Number1054-139x
Accession Number29128296
KeywordsMale adolescents, Quality of care, Sexual and reproductive health care, Young adult men

PURPOSE: This study aimed to describe young men's sexual and reproductive health care (SRHC) receipt by sexual behavior and factors associated with greater SRHC receipt. METHODS: There were 427 male patients aged 15-24 who were recruited from 3 primary care and 2 sexually transmitted disease (STD) clinics in 1 urban city. Immediately after the visit, the survey assessed receipt of 18 recommended SRHC services across four domains: screening history (sexual health, STD/HIV test, family planning); laboratories (STDs/HIV); condom products (condoms/lubrication); and counseling (STD/HIV risk reduction, family planning, condoms); in addition, demographic, sexual behavior, and visit characteristics were examined. Multivariable Poisson regressions examined factors associated with each SRHC subdomain adjusting for participant clustering within clinics. RESULTS: Of the participants, 90% were non-Hispanic black, 61% were aged 20-24, 90% were sexually active, 71% had female partners (FPs), and 20% had male or male and female partners (M/MFPs). Among sexually active males, 1 in 10 received all services. Half or more were asked about sexual health and STD/HIV tests, tested for STDs/HIV, and were counseled on STD/HIV risk reduction and correct condom use. Fewer were asked about family planning (23%), were provided condom products (32%), and were counseled about family planning (35%). Overall and for each subdomain, never sexually active males reported fewer services than sexually active males. Factors consistently associated with greater SRHC receipt across subdomains included having M/MFPs versus FPs, routine versus non-STD-acute visit, time alone with provider without parent, and seen at STD versus primary care clinic. Males having FPs versus M/MFPs reported greater family planning counseling. CONCLUSIONS: Findings have implications for improving young men's SRHC delivery beyond the narrow scope of STD/HIV care.