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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Patterns of primary healthcare use among female exotic dancers in Baltimore, Maryland

TitlePatterns of primary healthcare use among female exotic dancers in Baltimore, Maryland
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsFlath, NL, Brantley, MR, Davis, WW, Lim, S, Sherman, SG
JournalWomen Health
Pagination1-13
Date PublishedJul 24
ISBN Number0363-0242
Accession Number30040602
Keywordsfemale exotic dancers, health services availability, Occupational health
Abstract

Female exotic dancers (FEDs) are often exposed to violence-, sex- and drug-related occupational harms and are precluded from employer-based health insurance. We examined access to primary health-care resources, correlates of use, and service needs among a sample of new FEDs (N = 117) working in 22 exotic dance clubs (EDCs) in Baltimore, MD. Self-administered surveys were completed between May and October 2014. Health care measures were aggregated and described, and correlates of use were evaluated using Fisher Exact and Poisson regression with robust variance, adjusting for race/ethnicity. The majority of dancers reported having health insurance (80%), a primary care provider (PCP) (68%), and having visited a PCP (74%). Among dancers with insurance, all were covered by Medicaid. Multivariable regression models demonstrated that having a regular PCP was associated with recent PCP use (adjusted prevalence ratio 1.5; 95% confidence interval: 1.1, 2.1). Despite a high level of health-care coverage and recent visits to PCP, dancers frequently sought services at the emergency department and reported needs for medical care, including mental health support services and drug treatment. Findings highlight that basic access to primary health care is available and used but may not be fully meeting dancers' complex needs.