Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Patient-health care professional gender or race/ethnicity concordance and its association with weight-related advice in the United States

TitlePatient-health care professional gender or race/ethnicity concordance and its association with weight-related advice in the United States
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsYang, HY, Chen, HJ, Marsteller, JA, Liang, L, Shi, L, Wang, Y
JournalPatient Educ Couns
Date PublishedFeb
ISBN Number1873-5134 (Electronic)0738-3991 (Linking)
Accession Number26349935
Keywords*Counseling, Adult, African Americans/*statistics & numerical data, African Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data, Body Mass Index, Concordance, Cross-Sectional Studies, Delivery of Health Care/ethnology, European Continental Ancestry Group/*statistics & numerical data, Female, Health care professional, Health Care Surveys, Health disparity, Health Personnel/*statistics & numerical data, Hispanic Americans/*statistics & numerical data, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Obesity, Obesity/epidemiology/ethnology/*prevention & control, Overweight, Patient Education as Topic/statistics & numerical data, Physician-Patient Relations, Prevalence, Young Adult

OBJECTIVE: Examine association between adult patients' and health care providers' (HCPs) gender or race/ethnicity concordance and patients' reported receiving weight-related advice from HCP's in USA. METHODS: Using Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) 2004-2007 data, studied prevalence of weight-related advice (on exercise and diet) given to patients and its association with patients/HCPs concordance in gender (n=9,686) and race/ethnicity (n=8,825). RESULTS: Overall, 46% of patients received HCP advice on diet and 49% on exercise. Overweight females seeing female HCPs were more likely to receive exercise advice than those seeing male HCPs (OR=1.44 [95% CI: 1.10-1.89]). Race/ethnicity concordance was associated with lower odds of advice-receiving in certain populations (OR=0.80 [0.67-0.97] for exercise and OR=0.42 [0.19-0.91] for diet among white patients, OR=0.47 [0.23-0.98] for exercise among Hispanic overweight patients). CONCLUSIONS: Patient/HCP gender or race/ethnicity concordance was not positively associated with HCPs providing weight-related advice. Patients with female HCPs or with racial/ethnic discordant HCPs (especially black or Asian HCPs) were more likely to receive advice. PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS: Health care providers need be empowered, particularly white and male HCPs, to improve delivery of weight-related advice. It may reflect better of receiving weight-related advice based on patients' recall.