Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Parenting styles and emerging adult depressive symptoms in Cebu, the Philippines

TitleParenting styles and emerging adult depressive symptoms in Cebu, the Philippines
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsHock, RS, Mendelson, T, Surkan, PJ, Bass, JK, Bradshaw, CP, Hindin, MJ
JournalTranscult Psychiatry
Date PublishedApr
ISBN Number1363-4615
Accession Number29493429
Keywords*Adolescent, *culture, *depression, *Family, *Mental Health, Adolescent, Adult, Depression/*ethnology, Depressive Disorder/*ethnology, Female, Follow-Up Studies, Humans, Male, Parenting/*ethnology, Philippines/ethnology, Young Adult

Incidence of depressive disorders and symptoms increases during the transition to adulthood. The parenting relationship is a potential target for interventions to reduce risk for depression in offspring during this time period, and a four-category typology of parenting styles (authoritative, permissive, authoritarian, and neglectful) has been found to correlate with offspring psychological functioning. The majority of studies, however, have examined this four-category parenting style typology in Western populations. We used the Cebu Longitudinal Health and Nutrition Survey (CLHNS) from the Philippines to assess associations between parenting styles reported by offspring at age 18 and depressive symptoms reported by offspring at age 21 ( N = 1,723). Using adjusted linear regression models, we found that authoritarian and neglectful mothering styles were positively associated with daughters' depressive symptoms, whereas authoritarian mothering was negatively associated with sons' depressive symptoms. Findings suggest both cross-cultural similarities and variability in positive parenting. Results may have implications for family-based depression prevention interventions in the Philippines.