Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Multilevel influences on acceptance of medical male circumcision in Rakai District, Uganda

TitleMultilevel influences on acceptance of medical male circumcision in Rakai District, Uganda
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsLilleston, PS, Marcell, AV, Nakyanjo, N, Leonard, L, Wawer, MJ
JournalAIDS Care
Date PublishedMar 01
ISBN Number0954-0121
Accession Number28278564
KeywordsHIV, Medical male circumcision, sexually transmitted infections, Uganda

Despite access to safe medical male circumcision (MMC) and proven effectiveness of the procedure in reducing acquisition of HIV and other sexually transmitted infections, uptake remains suboptimal in many settings in sub-Saharan Africa, including Rakai District, Uganda. This study explored multilevel barriers and facilitators to MMC in focus group discussions (FGDs) (n = 35 groups) in Rakai. Focus groups were conducted from May through July 2012 with adolescent and adult males, with a range of HIV risk and reproductive health service use profiles, and with adolescent and adult females. Data were analyzed using Atlas.ti and an inductive approach. Participants' discussions produced several key themes representing multilevel influences that may facilitate or create barriers to uptake of MMC. These include availability of MMC services, economic costs, masculine ideals, religion, and social influence. Understanding how males and females view MMC is a crucial step towards increasing uptake of the procedure and reducing disease transmission.