Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Genome-wide association study of maternal genetic effects and parent-of-origin effects on food allergy

TitleGenome-wide association study of maternal genetic effects and parent-of-origin effects on food allergy
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLiu, X, Hong, X, Tsai, HJ, Mestan, KK, Shi, M, Kefi, A, Hao, K, Chen, Q, Wang, G, Caruso, D, Geng, H, Gao, Y, He, J, Kumar, R, Wang, H, Yu, Y, Bartell, T, Tan, XD, Schleimer, RP, Weeks, DE, Pongracic, JA, Wang, X
JournalMedicine (Baltimore)
Date PublishedMar
ISBN Number0025-7974
Accession Number29489655
Keywords*Genome-Wide Association Study, *Genomic Imprinting, Fathers, Female, Food Hypersensitivity/*genetics, Genotype, Humans, Male, Mothers, Polymorphism, Single Nucleotide

Previous genetic studies of food allergy (FA) have mainly focused on inherited genotypic effects. The role of parental genotypic effects remains largely unexplored. Leveraging existing genome-wide association study (GWAS) data generated from the Chicago Food Allergy Study, we examined maternal genotypic and parent-of-origin (PO) effects using multinomial likelihood ratio tests in 588 complete and incomplete Caucasian FA trios. We identified 1 single nucleotide polymorphism with significant (P < 5x10) maternal effect on any FA (rs4235235), which is located in a noncoding RNA (LOC101927947) with unknown function. We also identified 3 suggestive (P < 5x10) loci with maternal genetic effects: 1 for any FA (rs976078, in a gene desert region on 13q31.1) and 2 for egg allergy (rs1343795 and rs4572450, in the ZNF652 gene, where genetic variants have been associated with atopic dermatitis). Three suggestive loci with PO effect were observed: 1 for peanut allergy (rs4896888 in the ADGB gene) and 2 for any FA in boys only (rs1036504 and rs2917750 in the IQCE gene). Findings from this family-based GWAS of FA provided some preliminary evidence on maternal genotypic or PO effects on FA. Additional family-based studies are needed to confirm our findings and gain new insight into maternal and paternal genetic contribution to FA.