Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Food Environments around American Indian Reservations: A Mixed Methods Study

TitleFood Environments around American Indian Reservations: A Mixed Methods Study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsChodur, GM, Shen, Y, Kodish, S, Oddo, VM, Antiporta, DA, Jock, B, Jones-Smith, JC
JournalPLoS One
ISBN Number1932-6203
Accession Number27560132

OBJECTIVES: To describe the food environments experienced by American Indians living on tribal lands in California. METHODS: Geocoded statewide food business data were used to define and categorize existing food vendors into healthy, unhealthy, and intermediate composite categories. Distance to and density of each of the composite food vendor categories for tribal lands and nontribal lands were compared using multivariate linear regression. Quantitative results were concurrently triangulated with qualitative data from in-depth interviews with tribal members (n = 24). RESULTS: After adjusting for census tract-level urbanicity and per capita income, results indicate there were significantly fewer healthy food outlets per square mile for tribal areas compared to non-tribal areas. Density of unhealthy outlets was not significantly different for tribal versus non-tribal areas. Tribal members perceived their food environment negatively and reported barriers to the acquisition of healthy food. CONCLUSIONS: Urbanicity and per capita income do not completely account for disparities in food environments among American Indians tribal lands compared to nontribal lands. This disparity in access to healthy food may present a barrier to acting on the intention to consume healthy food.