Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Effect of timing of first postnatal care home visit on neonatal mortality in Bangladesh: a observational cohort study

TitleEffect of timing of first postnatal care home visit on neonatal mortality in Bangladesh: a observational cohort study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsBaqui, AH, Ahmed, S, El Arifeen, S, Darmstadt, GL, Rosecrans, AM, Mannan, I, Rahman, SM, Begum, N, Mahmud, AB, Seraji, HR, Williams, EK, Winch, PJ, Santosham, M, Black, RE, Projahnmo 1 Study, G
JournalBMJ (Clinical research ed.)
ISBN Number1468-5833; 0959-535X
Accession Number19684100
KeywordsBangladesh, Cohort Studies, Community Health Nursing/organization & administration, Educational Status, Female, House Calls/statistics & numerical data, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Parity, Perinatal Care/organization & administration, Perinatal Mortality, Postnatal Care/organization & administration, Pregnancy, Proportional Hazards Models, Social Class, Time Factors

OBJECTIVE: To assess the effect of the timing of first postnatal home visit by community health workers on neonatal mortality. DESIGN: Analysis of prospectively collected data using time varying discrete hazard models to estimate hazard ratios for neonatal mortality according to day of first postnatal home visit. DATA SOURCE: Data from a community based trial of neonatal care interventions conducted in Bangladesh during 2004-5. MAIN OUTCOME MEASURE: Neonatal mortality. RESULTS: 9211 live births were included. Among infants who survived the first day of life, neonatal mortality was 67% lower in those who received a visit on day one than in those who received no visit (adjusted hazard ratio 0.33, 95% confidence interval 0.23 to 0.46; P<0.001). For those infants who survived the first two days of life, receiving the first visit on the second day was associated with a 64% lower neonatal mortality than in those who did not receive a visit (adjusted hazard ratio 0.36, 0.23 to 0.55; P<0.001). First visits on any day after the second day of life were not associated with reduced mortality. CONCLUSIONS: In developing countries, especially where home delivery with unskilled attendants is common, postnatal home visits within the first two days of life by trained community health workers can significantly reduce neonatal mortality.