Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Association between childhood sexual abuse and adverse psychological outcomes among youth in Taipei

TitleAssociation between childhood sexual abuse and adverse psychological outcomes among youth in Taipei
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsLi, N, Ahmed, S, Zabin, LS
JournalJ Adolesc Health
Date PublishedMar
ISBN Number1879-1972 (Electronic) 1054-139X (Linking)
Accession Number22340856
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult Survivors of Child Abuse/*psychology, Child Abuse, Sexual/*psychology, Data Collection, Female, Humans, Interviews as Topic, Logistic Models, Male, Taiwan, Young Adult

PURPOSE: The objective of this study was to examine the relationship between a history of childhood sexual abuse (CSA) and negative psychological consequences in adulthood, controlling for family environments and Confucian values. METHODS: The data used in this study were collected from Taipei. The final analysis sample comprised 4,084 participants aged 15-24 years. Three sets of logistic regression models were fitted to verify the association between CSA and negative psychological outcomes. Sociodemographic variables, household instability, and parenting variables, as well as Confucian value variables were controlled in models step by step. The overall prevalence of CSA in our analysis sample was 5.2%. RESULTS: The overall prevalence of depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation among Taipei respondents was 11.8%, 16.4%, and 16.7%, respectively, but young people who experienced CSA had significantly higher rates of all three than young adults who had not experienced CSA. After controlling for other covariates, the odds ratios of depression, anxiety, and suicidal ideation associated with a history of CSA were 1.78 (95% confidence intervals [CI]: 1.25-2.54), 1.77 (95% CI: 1.28-2.44), and 2.56 (95% CI: 1.56-4.29), respectively. CONCLUSIONS: Our findings suggested that CSA was an independent predictor of negative psychological consequences in adulthood. In our analysis, we controlled for household, parenting, and Confucian culture factors, which provides a better understanding of how they work together to affect adult psychological status.