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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

A tool for sexual minority mental health research: The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) as a depressive symptom severity measure for sexual minority women in Viet Nam

TitleA tool for sexual minority mental health research: The Patient Health Questionnaire (PHQ-9) as a depressive symptom severity measure for sexual minority women in Viet Nam
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsNguyen, TQ, Bandeen-Roche, K, Bass, JK, German, D, Nguyen, NTT, Knowlton, AR
JournalJournal of Gay & Lesbian Mental Health
Volume20
Pagination173-191
Type of ArticleArticle in Press
ISBN Number1935-97051935-9713
Keywordsdepression, lesbian: scale adaptation, sexual minority women, validation, Viet Nam
Abstract

In a context with limited attention to mental health and prevalent sexual prejudice, valid measurements are a key first step to understanding the psychological suffering of sexual minority populations. We adapted the Patient Health Questionnaire as a depressive symptom severity measure for Vietnamese sexual minority women, ensuring its cultural relevance and suitability for Internet-based research. Psychometric evaluation found that the scale is mostly unidimensional and has good convergent validity, good external construct validity, and excellent reliability. The sample's high endorsement of scale items emphasizes the need to study minority stress and mental health in this population. © 2016 Taylor & Francis Group, LLC

PMCID

PMC5019570