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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

The role of neighborhoods in shaping perceived norms: An exploration of neighborhood disorder and norms among injection drug users in Baltimore, MD

TitleThe role of neighborhoods in shaping perceived norms: An exploration of neighborhood disorder and norms among injection drug users in Baltimore, MD
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsDavey-Rothwell, MA, Siconolfi, DE, Tobin, KE, Latkin, CA
JournalHealth Place
Volume33
Pagination181-6
Date PublishedMay
ISBN Number1873-2054 (Electronic)1353-8292 (Linking)
Accession Number25840353
KeywordsDisorder, drug use, HIV, Neighborhood, norms
Abstract

A large literature suggests that social norms contribute to HIV and substance use related behaviors. Less attention has been given to neighborhood factors that may contribute to the development of norms about risky behaviors. We examined the cross-sectional associations between perceptions of one's neighborhood and norms of perceived prevalence of, and peer support for sex exchange and risky injection behaviors. The sample consisted of 719 people who reported injecting heroin and cocaine and did not move in the past 6 months in Baltimore, MD. Living in a neighborhood with disorder was associated with believing that others exchanged sex, practiced risky injection behaviors (descriptive norms) and approved of risky injection behavior (injunctive norms).

PMCID

PMC4409564