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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Risk factors for developing active tuberculosis after the treatment of latent tuberculosis in adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus

TitleRisk factors for developing active tuberculosis after the treatment of latent tuberculosis in adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsAmoakwa, K, Martinson, NA, Moulton, LH, Barnes, GL, Msandiwa, R, Chaisson, RE
JournalOpen Forum Infect Dis
Volume2
Paginationofu120
Date PublishedJan
ISBN Number2328-8957
Accession Number26034751
Keywordsbaseline, HIV-infected adults, latent tuberculosis, preventive therapy, Risk, Sexual and Reproductive Health
Abstract

Tuberculosis is the leading cause of death among adults infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV), and rates of tuberculosis remain high even after preventive therapy. Among 908 HIV-infected adults in a trial of preventive treatment, we found self-reported alcohol consumption, low baseline CD4 count, high baseline viral load, and tuberculin skin test size >15 mm as independent risk factors for incident tuberculosis.

PMCID

Pmc4438881