Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

The relationships among vigilant coping style, race, and depression

TitleThe relationships among vigilant coping style, race, and depression
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsLaveist, TA, Thorpe, RJ, Pierre, G, Mance, GA, Williams, DR
JournalJournal of Social Issues
ISBN Number00224537 (ISSN)
KeywordsAdult, coping strategy, Mental Health, race

Although Black-White differences in depression are well documented, vigilant coping style as an explanation for the observed inequalities in depression is less understood. Using data from 718 adults in the Exploring Health Disparities in Integrated Communities (EHDIC) Study, we estimated logistic regression models to examine the cross-sectional relationship between race, vigilant coping style, and depression. After controlling for demographic variables, White adults were more likely to report depression than Black adults. Moreover, when accounting for coping style, the Black-White difference in depression widened. This association persisted even with the addition of the covariates. While high rates of depression among Whites compared with Blacks are well documented, the degree of the differences appears to be greater than previously reported once vigilance is accounted for. This finding suggests that if it were not for the high prevalence of vigilant coping in Blacks, the well-documented Black advantage regarding depression compared to Whites would likely be even greater. © 2014 The Society for the Psychological Study of Social Issues.