Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Psychosocial strengths and needs of low-income substance abusers in recovery

TitlePsychosocial strengths and needs of low-income substance abusers in recovery
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsMendelson, T, Dariotis, JK, Agus, D
JournalJournal of Community Psychology
Date PublishedJan
ISBN Number00904392 (ISSN)

Psychosocial heterogeneity among recovering substance users is not well understood. Cluster analysis was used to identify subgroups with distinct psychosocial profiles among a low-income sample attending a community recovery center (n = 151). Psychosocial characteristics assessed included depressive symptoms, perceived social support, self-efficacy, and coping. A 3-cluster solution explained the most variance in the constructs assessed (R2 = 0.72). The largest cluster (38.4% of the sample) was characterized as "distressed," with high emotional distress and few psychosocial resources. The second largest (34.2%) was characterized as "adjusted" because of its generally positive pattern of psychosocial functioning. The smallest (27.4%) was characterized as "resilient" because this cluster displayed emotional strengths despite low perceived social support. Findings have implications for tailoring interventions for this vulnerable population. © 2012 Wiley Periodicals, Inc.