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Prevalence, severity, and risk factors for acute exacerbations of nasal and sinus symptoms by chronic rhinosinusitis status

TitlePrevalence, severity, and risk factors for acute exacerbations of nasal and sinus symptoms by chronic rhinosinusitis status
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsKuiper, JR, Hirsch, AG, Bandeen-Roche, K, Sundaresan, AS, Tan, BK, Schleimer, RP, Kern, RC, Stewart, WF, Schwartz, BS
JournalAllergy
Volume73
Pagination1244-1253
Date PublishedJun
ISBN Number0105-4538
Accession Number29331046
Keywordschronic rhinosinusitis, Epidemiology, exacerbation, Longitudinal
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Nasal and sinus symptoms (NSS) are common to many health conditions, including chronic rhinosinusitis (CRS). Few studies have investigated the occurrence and severity of, and risk factors for, acute exacerbations of NSS (AENSS) by CRS status (current, past, or never met European Position Paper on Rhinosinusitis [EPOS] criteria for CRS). METHODS: Four seasonal questionnaires were mailed to a stratified random sample of Geisinger primary care patients. Logistic regression was used to identify individual characteristics associated with AENSS occurrence and severity by CRS status (current long-term, current recent, past, never) using EPOS subjective symptoms-only (EPOSS ) CRS criteria. We operationalized 3 AENSS definitions based on prescribed antibiotics or oral corticosteroids, symptoms, and symptoms with purulence. RESULTS: Baseline and at least 1 follow-up questionnaires were available from 4736 subjects. Self-reported NSS severity with exacerbation was worst in the current long-term CRS group. AENSS was common in all subgroups examined and generally more common among those with current EPOSS CRS. Seasonal prevalence of AENSS differed by AENSS definition and CRS status. Associations of risk factors with AENSS differed by definition, but CRS status, body mass index, asthma, hay fever, sinus surgery history, and winter season consistently predicted AENSS. CONCLUSIONS: In this first longitudinal, population-based study of 3 AENSS definitions, NSS and AENSS were both common, sometimes severe, and differed by EPOSS CRS status. Contrasting associations of risk factors for AENSS by the different definitions suggest a need for a standardized approach to definition of AENSS.

PMCID

PMC5993580