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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Prevalence and predictors of depressive symptoms among HIV-positive men who inject drugs in Vietnam

TitlePrevalence and predictors of depressive symptoms among HIV-positive men who inject drugs in Vietnam
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsLevintow, SN, Pence, BW, Ha, TV, Minh, NL, Sripaipan, T, Latkin, CA, Vu, PT, Quan, VM, Frangakis, C, Go, VF
JournalPLoS One
Volume13
Paginatione0191548
ISBN Number1932-6203
Accession Number29364928
KeywordsAdult, Depression/complications/*physiopathology, HIV Infections/*complications, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Prevalence, Vietnam/epidemiology, Young Adult
Abstract

BACKGROUND: HIV infection is common among people who inject drugs (PWID), and HIV-positive PWID may be particularly vulnerable to depression. This study measured the prevalence of depressive symptoms and the factors associated with severe symptoms among 455 HIV-positive PWID in Thai Nguyen, Vietnam. METHODS: We used cross-sectional data from PWID in a randomized controlled trial of an intervention to reduce high-risk injecting and sexual behaviors in Thai Nguyen from 2009-2013. Depressive symptoms were measured with the Center for Epidemiologic Studies Depression Scale (CES-D). We used logistic regression to assess demographic, clinical, and psychosocial predictors of severe depressive symptoms (CES-D>/=23) with prevalence odds ratios (POR) and 95% confidence intervals (CI). RESULTS: The prevalence of severe depressive symptoms (CES-D>/=23) was 44%. 25% of participants had mild to moderate depressive symptoms (16

PMCID

PMC5783407