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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Physical activity attitudes of African American and white adolescent girls

TitlePhysical activity attitudes of African American and white adolescent girls
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2003
AuthorsMabry, IR, Young, DR, Cooper, LA, Meyers, T, Joffe, A, Duggan, AK
JournalAmbulatory Pediatrics
Volume3
Pagination312-316
ISBN Number15301567 (ISSN)
KeywordsAdolescent, adolescents, Adult, African Americans, article, Attitude, attitude to health, Body Image, Caucasian, comparative study, controlled study, cultural anthropology, ethnic difference, European Continental Ancestry Group, Exercise, Female, Focus Groups, Geography, human, Humans, lifestyle, Male, masculinity, negro, personal hygiene, physical activity, Qualitative Research, Questionnaires, Self Concept, Social Support, Urban Population
Abstract

Background. - Understanding the attitudes of African American adolescent girls toward physical activity may help identify strategies to enable these adolescents to adopt a more physically active lifestyle that could track into adulthood. Objective. - To identify and compare attitudes of African American adolescent girls toward physical activity with the attitudes of white adolescent girls. Methods. - Six focus groups (N = 49) were conducted with 9th- through 12th-grade African American and white adolescent girls. Participants were recruited from community and medical settings in an urban city. Groups were audiotaped, coded, and analyzed for themes. Results. - African American participants were more accepting of their body image than were the white participants as individuals, as a community, and in the media. Themes common among African American and white participants included appearance and hygiene, value of physical activity, and issues of masculinity. Physically active adolescents reported on the significance of social support in motivating their physical activity participation. Conclusion. - Future research on these attitudes could help inform the design of effective and culturally appropriate interventions to promote physical activity in African American and white adolescent girls.