Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Parental pregnancy wantedness and child social-emotional development

TitleParental pregnancy wantedness and child social-emotional development
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsSaleem, HT, Surkan, PJ
JournalMatern Child Health J
Date PublishedMay
ISBN Number1573-6628 (Electronic)1092-7875 (Linking)
Accession Number23793490
Keywords*Pregnancy, Unwanted, *Surveys and Questionnaires, Adolescent, Adult, Child, Child Behavior Disorders/*epidemiology/physiopathology, Child Development/physiology, Child, Unwanted/statistics & numerical data, Confidence Intervals, Emotional Intelligence, Fathers/*psychology, Female, Humans, Infant, Newborn, Longitudinal Studies, Male, Maternal Age, Mother-Child Relations, Mothers/*psychology, Multivariate Analysis, Parent-Child Relations, Pregnancy, Risk Assessment, Social Skills, Socioeconomic Factors, United States, Young Adult

To examine how maternal and paternal pregnancy wantedness and couple concordance regarding pregnancy wantedness predict children's social-emotional development in kindergarten. We used data from nationally representative US sample from the Early Childhood Longitudinal Study Birth Cohort. Exposures of interest were maternal and paternal pregnancy wantedness, and couple concordance regarding pregnancy wantedness. Children's social-emotional development was evaluated by the child's kindergarten teacher using an adapted version of the Preschool and Kindergarten Behavior Scales. We examined bivariate associations between pregnancy wantedness and key socio-demographic variables in relation to children's social-emotional development. Multiple linear regression was used to assess the relationship between each pregnancy wantedness predictor and children's social-emotional development scores. Items related to child concentration and attention appeared to be the components driving almost all the associations with social-emotional development. Maternal report of unwanted pregnancy, resident father's report of mistimed pregnancy, and discordance of parental pregnancy wantedness (specifically when the mother wanted but the father did not want the pregnancy) predicted lower children's social-emotional development scores. Results suggest that maternal unwanted pregnancy and couple discordance in pregnancy wantedness were associated with poorer social-emotional development, especially in the area of concentration and attention, in kindergarten.