TabMenu

Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Nonconsensual sexual experiences of adolescents in urban India

TitleNonconsensual sexual experiences of adolescents in urban India
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2007
AuthorsJaya, J, Hindin, MJ
JournalThe Journal of adolescent health : official publication of the Society for Adolescent Medicine
Volume40
Pagination573.e7-573.14
Date PublishedJun
ISBN Number1879-1972; 1054-139X
Accession Number17531768
KeywordsAdolescent, Adult, Coercion, Cross-Over Studies, Cross-Sectional Studies, Female, Humans, India/epidemiology, Interviews as Topic, Male, Poverty Areas, Prevalence, Risk Factors, Sex Factors, Sex Offenses/statistics & numerical data, Socioeconomic Factors, Urban Population
Abstract

PURPOSE: Research from developing countries suggests that nonconsensual sexual experiences are common, yet these experiences remain understudied. METHODS: We describe the prevalence and factors associated with nonconsensual sexual experiences of unmarried adolescents (583 boys and 474 girls), ages 15-19 years, from economically disadvantaged neighborhoods in Delhi, India. We also describe their reports of perpetrators. RESULTS: Thirty-two percent of boys and 42% of girls reported being touched against their will. After multivariate adjustment, both boys and girls who had ever worked (odds ratio [OR] = 1.76, p = .05 and OR = 1.79, p = .004, respectively) and those who had a friend of the opposite gender (OR = 3.64, p = .0001 and OR = 2.19, p = .0001, respectively) were more likely to report the experience. The most commonly reported perpetrators were female friends for boys (60%) and strangers for girls (93%). Fifteen percent of boys and 3% of girls reported that someone forcibly tried to have a physical relationship with them. Boys who had ever worked (OR = 3.73, p = .007) were more likely to report the experience. Both boys and girls who had a friend of the opposite sex were more likely to report attempted forced physical relationship (OR = 3.73, p = .0001 and OR = 3.41, p = .03, respectively). The most commonly reported perpetrators were female friends for boys (72%) and neighbors (60%) for girls. CONCLUSIONS: Nonconsensual sex is a common experience for these adolescents and there are important gender differences in experience and type of perpetrator. The findings underscore the need to develop programs that enable young people to prevent and cope with nonconsensual sexual experiences.