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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Multiple adverse experiences and child cognitive development

TitleMultiple adverse experiences and child cognitive development
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsGuinosso, SA, Johnson, SB, Riley, AW
JournalPediatr Res
Volume79
Pagination220-6
Date PublishedJan
ISBN Number0031-3998
Accession Number26460522
Abstract

During childhood and adolescence, children's social environments shape their cognitive development. Children exposed to multiple adversities in their social environment are more likely to have poorer cognitive outcomes. These findings have prompted interest among pediatric and public health communities to screen and connect youth to appropriate interventions that ameliorate the detrimental effects of adverse exposures. Such intervention efforts can be improved with a stronger conceptual understanding of the relationship between multiple adverse exposures and child cognitive development. This includes disentangling adverse exposures from other risk factors or underlying mechanisms, specifying mechanisms of action, and determining when adverse exposures are most detrimental. This review summarizes findings from the literature on each of these areas and proposes a conceptual model to guide further research and intervention.