Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Measurement of women's empowerment in Rural Bangladesh

TitleMeasurement of women's empowerment in Rural Bangladesh
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsMahmud, S, Shah, NM, Becker, S
JournalWorld Development
Date PublishedMar 1
ISBN Number0305-750X (Print)0305-750X (Linking)
Accession Number23637468

Women's empowerment is a dynamic process that has been quantified, measured and described in a variety of ways. We measure empowerment in a sample of 3500 rural women in 128 villages of Bangladesh with five indicators. A conceptual framework is presented, together with descriptive data on the indicators. Linear regressions to examine effects of covariates show that a woman's exposure to television is a significant predictor of three of the five indicators. A woman's years of schooling is significantly associated with one of two self-esteem indicators and with freedom of mobility. Household wealth has a significant and positive association with a woman's resource control but a significant negative association with her total decision-making score.