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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Knowledge about emergency contraception among family-planning providers in urban Ghana

TitleKnowledge about emergency contraception among family-planning providers in urban Ghana
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2011
AuthorsCreanga, AA, Schwandt, HM, Danso, KA, Tsui, AO
JournalInt J Gynaecol Obstet
Volume114
Pagination64-8
Date PublishedJul
ISBN Number1879-3479 (Electronic) 0020-7292 (Linking)
Accession Number21543069
Keywords*Family Planning Services, *Health Knowledge, Attitudes, Practice, *Health Personnel, Adult, Contraceptives, Postcoital/*therapeutic use, Female, Ghana, Humans, Linear Models, Male, Multivariate Analysis, Socioeconomic Factors, Urban Health Services, Young Adult
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: To assess the theoretical and practical knowledge about emergency contraception (EC) among family-planning (FP) providers in Ghana and to examine the association between FP providers' theoretical and practical knowledge. METHODS: Data on 600 FP providers were collected through a census of facilities offering FP services in Kumasi, Ghana, in 2008. Nested linear multivariate regression analysis was used to identify sociodemographic, facility-related, and work-related variables associated with FP providers' theoretical and practical knowledge about EC. RESULTS: On average, FP providers gave 4.1 correct answers to the 11 questions assessing theoretical knowledge and 5.6 correct answers to the 8 questions assessing their practical ability to provide EC. The FP providers seemed to learn provision-related aspects through practice without having a particularly good theoretical knowledge on EC as a contraceptive method. The health sector in which FP providers worked, their education and having received EC-specific training, the number of services offered, and the number of women seen during a week were all significant correlates of both theoretical and practical knowledge about EC. The 2 knowledge domains were significantly and positively associated. CONCLUSION: There is need to improve knowledge about EC among FP providers in Ghana through in-service training.