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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Joint impact of physical activity and family history on the development of diabetes among urban adults in mainland china: a pooled analysis of community-based prospective cohort studies

TitleJoint impact of physical activity and family history on the development of diabetes among urban adults in mainland china: a pooled analysis of community-based prospective cohort studies
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsXu, F, Wang, Y, Ware, RS, Tse, LA, Wang, Z, Hong, X, Dunstan, DW, Owen, N
JournalAsia Pac J Public Health
Volume27
PaginationNP372-81
Date PublishedMar
ISBN Number1941-2479 (Electronic)1010-5395 (Linking)
Accession Number22535551
KeywordsChina, cohort study, family history of diabetes, physical activity, type 2 diabetes
Abstract

To examine the joint influences of physical activity (PA) and family history (FH) of diabetes on subsequent type 2 diabetes (T2D), the authors pooled and analyzed data from 2 community-based urban adult prospective cohort studies in 2011 in Nanjing, China. Among 4550 urban participants, the 3-year cumulative incidence of T2D was 5.1%. After adjustment for potential confounders, compared with those with FH+ and insufficient PA, the adjusted odds ratio (95% confidence interval) of developing T2D was 0.42 (0.18, 0.98) for participants with sufficient PA and FH+, 0.32 (0.22, 0.46) for participants with insufficient PA and FH-, and 0.15 (0.08, 0.28) for participants with sufficient PA and FH-. Such significant graduated associations between PA/FH and risk of developing T2D were also identified in either men or women, separately. Sufficient PA and FH- may jointly reduce the risk of developing T2D in urban Chinese adults.