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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Intimate Partner Violence and Communication of HIV Diagnosis in Rakai, Uganda

TitleIntimate Partner Violence and Communication of HIV Diagnosis in Rakai, Uganda
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsKairania, R, Gray, RH, Wawer, MJ, Wagman, J, Kigozi, G, Nalugoda, F, Musoke, R, Serwadda, D, Sewankambo, NK, Semanda, J, Sembatya, J
JournalSoc Work Public Health
Volume30
Pagination272-81
Date PublishedMay-Jun
ISBN Number1937-190X (Electronic)1937-190X (Linking)
Accession Number25751453
Keywordscommunication of HIV diagnosis, Intimate partner violence, physical abuse, verbal abuse
Abstract

Individuals who communicate their HIV diagnosis to sexual partners may be at increased risk of intimate partner violence (IPV). The authors examined past year self-reported IPV associated with communication of HIV diagnosis and other factors, in a sample of 679 sexually active; HIV-positive individuals age 18 to 49, who received HIV results and posttest counselling 12 months or more prior to the survey in Rakai, Uganda, using log-binomial multivariable regression. The rates of verbal and physical abuse among married individuals were significantly higher compared to unmarried persons, respectively. Physical abuse was significantly higher among women compared to men. IPV was not significantly associated with communication of HIV diagnosis. Interventions to prevent IPV among married HIV-positive individuals particularly women, at the community level, are needed.