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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Intimate partner violence among African American and African Caribbean women: prevalence, risk factors, and the influence of cultural attitudes

TitleIntimate partner violence among African American and African Caribbean women: prevalence, risk factors, and the influence of cultural attitudes
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsStockman, JK, Lucea, MB, Bolyard, R, Bertand, D, Callwood, GB, Sharps, PW, Campbell, DW, Campbell, JC
JournalGlob Health Action
Volume7
Pagination24772
Date PublishedDec
ISBN Number1654-9880
Accession Number28672601
KeywordsAfrican American, African Caribbean, cultural attitudes, Intimate partner abuse, Intimate partner violence, women
Abstract

Background Women of African descent are disproportionately affected by intimate partner abuse; yet, limited data exist on whether the prevalence varies for women of African descent in the United States and those in the US territories. Objective In this multisite study, we estimated lifetime and 2-year prevalence of physical, sexual, and psychological intimate partner abuse (IPA) among 1,545 women of African descent in the United States and US Virgin Islands (USVI). We also examined how cultural tolerance of physical and/or sexual intimate partner violence (IPV) influences abuse. Design Between 2009 and 2011, we recruited African American and African Caribbean women aged 18-55 from health clinics in Baltimore, MD, and St. Thomas and St. Croix, USVI, into a comparative case-control study. Screened and enrolled women completed an audio computer-assisted self-interview. Screening-based prevalence of IPA and IPV were stratified by study site and associations between tolerance of IPV and abuse experiences were examined by multivariate logistic regression analysis. Results Most of the 1,545 screened women were young, of low-income, and in a current intimate relationship. Lifetime prevalence of IPA was 45% in St. Thomas, 38% in St. Croix, and 37% in Baltimore. Lifetime prevalence of IPV was 38% in St. Thomas, 28% in St. Croix, and 30% in Baltimore. Past 2-year prevalence of IPV was 32% in St. Thomas, 22% in St. Croix, and 26% in Baltimore. Risk and protective factors for IPV varied by site. Community and personal acceptance of IPV were independently associated with lifetime IPA in Baltimore and St. Thomas. Conclusions Variance across sites for risk and protective factors emphasizes cultural considerations in sub-populations of women of African descent when addressing IPA and IPV in given settings. Individual-based interventions should be coupled with community/societal interventions to shape attitudes about use of violence in relationships and to promote healthy relationships.