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HIV type 1 polymerase gene polymorphisms are associated with phenotypic differences in replication capacity and disease progression

TitleHIV type 1 polymerase gene polymorphisms are associated with phenotypic differences in replication capacity and disease progression
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsNg, OT, Laeyendecker, O, Redd, AD, Munshaw, S, Grabowski, MK, Paquet, AC, Evans, MC, Haddad, M, Huang, W, Robb, ML, Reynolds, SJ, Gray, RH, Wawer, MJ, Serwadda, D, Eshleman, SH, Quinn, TC
JournalJ Infect Dis
Volume209
Pagination66-73
Date PublishedJan 1
ISBN Number1537-6613 (Electronic)0022-1899 (Linking)
Accession Number23922373
Keywords*Genes, pol, Adolescent, Adult, Amino Acid Substitution, Disease Progression, Female, HIV Infections/*virology, HIV-1/enzymology/genetics/*physiology, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Phenotype, Uganda, Viral Load, Virus Replication/*genetics
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Determinants of intersubtype differences in human immunodeficiency virus type 1 (HIV-1) clinical disease progression remain unknown. METHODS: HIV-1 subtype was independently determined for 5 separate genomic regions in 396 HIV-1 seroconverters from Rakai, Uganda, using a multiregion hybridization assay. Replication capacities (RC) in samples from a subset of 145 of these subjects were determined. HIV-1 genomic regions and pol RC were examined for association with disease progression. Amino acid polymorphisms were examined for association with pol RC. RESULTS: In multivariate analyses, the hazard for progression to the composite end point (defined as a CD4(+) T-cell count <250 cells/mm(3), antiretroviral therapy initiation, or death) among patients with subtype D pol infection was 2.4 times the hazard for those infected with subtype A pol infection (P = .001). Compared with subtype A pol (the reference group), the hazard for progression to the composite end point for subtype D pol infection with a pol RC >67% (ie, the median pol RC) was significantly greater (HR, 4.6; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.9-11.0; P = .001), whereas the hazard for progression to the composite end point for subtype D pol infection with a pol RC

PMCID

3864385