Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Health status of people undergoing foreclosure in the Philadelphia region

TitleHealth status of people undergoing foreclosure in the Philadelphia region
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsPollack, CE, Lynch, J
JournalAmerican Journal of Public Health
Date PublishedOct
ISBN Number1541-0048; 0090-0036
Accession Number19696373
KeywordsAdaptation, Psychological, Confidence Intervals, Cross-Sectional Studies, Depressive Disorder, Major/epidemiology, Economics/statistics & numerical data, Female, Health Status, Housing/economics/statistics & numerical data, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Multivariate Analysis, Odds Ratio, Philadelphia, Psychometrics, Questionnaires, Stress, Psychological

OBJECTIVES: We assessed the health status of people undergoing mortgage foreclosure in the Philadelphia region to determine if there was a relationship between foreclosure and health. METHODS: Participants were recruited in partnership with a mortgage counseling agency. Participants' health status and health care use were compared with a community sample from the 2008 Southeastern Pennsylvania Household Health Survey. We used publicly filed foreclosure records to assess response bias. RESULTS: Of the 250 people recruited, 36.7% met screening criteria for major depression. The foreclosure sample was significantly more likely than the community sample to not have insurance coverage (adjusted odds ratio [AOR] = 2.28; 95% confidence interval [CI] = 1.49, 3.48) and to not have filled a prescription because of cost in the preceding year (AOR = 3.44; 95% CI = 2.45, 4.83). Approximately 9% of the participants reported that their own or a family member's medical condition was the primary reason they were undergoing foreclosure. More than a quarter of those in foreclosure (27.7%) stated that they owed money to medical creditors. CONCLUSIONS: Foreclosure affects already-vulnerable populations. Public health practitioners may be able to leverage current efforts to connect homeowners with mortgage counseling agencies to improve health care access.