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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Gender-Based Violence and HIV: Reviewing the Evidence for Links and Causal Pathways in the General Population and High-risk Groups

TitleGender-Based Violence and HIV: Reviewing the Evidence for Links and Causal Pathways in the General Population and High-risk Groups
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsDunkle, KL, Decker, MR
JournalAmerican Journal of Reproductive Immunology (New York, N.Y.: 1989)
Volume69 Suppl 1
Pagination20-6
Date PublishedFeb
ISBN Number1600-0897 (Electronic)1046-7408 (Linking)
Accession Number23216606
KeywordsSexual and Reproductive Health
Abstract

A growing body of international research documents strong associations between gender-based violence and HIV, both in the general population and among high-risk subpopulations such as female sex workers. The causal pathways responsible are multiple and complex, thus conceptual clarity is needed to best inform population-based, clinical, and individually oriented interventions. Our brief overview is intended to provide an introduction to the research on the various mechanisms that link GBV to HIV risk. We review the evidence, describe the causal pathways, provide a conceptual framework, and outline prevention and intervention priorities at both the individual and population levels.