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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Forced sexual initiation, sexual intimate partner violence and HIV risk in women: a global review of the literature

TitleForced sexual initiation, sexual intimate partner violence and HIV risk in women: a global review of the literature
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsStockman, JK, Lucea, MB, Campbell, JC
JournalAIDS Behav
Volume17
Pagination832-47
Date PublishedMar
ISBN Number1573-3254 (Electronic)1090-7165 (Linking)
Accession Number23143750
Keywords*Sexual Partners, Adolescent, Adult, Domestic Violence/*statistics & numerical data, Female, HIV Infections/*epidemiology/prevention & control/transmission, Humans, Interpersonal Relations, Male, Prevalence, Risk-Taking, Sex Offenses/*statistics & numerical data, sexual behavior, Unsafe Sex, Young Adult
Abstract

Coerced or forced sexual initiation and sexual intimate partner violence (sexual IPV) contribute significantly to a woman's risk for HIV infection. This review systematically examines global research (n = 21 studies) published since 2000 on the role of coerced/forced sexual initiation and sexual IPV on HIV risk in women. In predominantly low- and middle-income countries, coerced/forced sexual initiation was associated with HIV/STIs, multiple and high-risk sex partners, and no condom use. Most studies using behaviorally specific terms for sexual IPV found strong associations between sexual IPV and HIV risk behaviors. In contrast, studies using less specific definitions often failed to find these significant associations. To develop more comprehensive HIV prevention programs, future efforts should integrate behaviorally specific terms into assessing prevalence of sexual IPV and its association with HIV risk, consider cultural differences, and identify causal pathways between coerced or forced sexual initiation, HIV risk behaviors and HIV/STI infection.

PMCID

PMC3586980