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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Female Genital Mutilation: A Visual Reference and Learning Tool for Health Care Professionals

TitleFemale Genital Mutilation: A Visual Reference and Learning Tool for Health Care Professionals
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsAbdulcadir, J, Catania, L, Hindin, MJ, Say, L, Petignat, P, Abdulcadir, O
JournalObstet Gynecol
Volume128
Pagination958-963
Date PublishedNov
ISBN Number0029-7844
Accession Number27741194
Abstract

Female genital mutilation comprises all procedures that involve partial or total removal of the external female genitalia or injury to the female genital organs for nonmedical reasons. Health care providers for women and girls living with female genital mutilation have reported difficulties in recognizing, classifying, and recording female genital mutilation, which can adversely affect treatment of complications and discussions of the prevention of the practice in future generations. According to the World Health Organization, female genital mutilation is classified into four types, subdivided into subtypes. An agreed-upon classification of female genital mutilation is important for clinical practice, management, recording, and reporting, as well as for research on prevalence, trends, and consequences of female genital mutilation. We provide a visual reference and learning tool for health care professionals. The tool can be consulted by caregivers when unsure on the type of female genital mutilation diagnosed and used for training and surveys for monitoring the prevalence of female genital mutilation types and subtypes.