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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Experience Corps: a dual trial to promote the health of older adults and children's academic success

TitleExperience Corps: a dual trial to promote the health of older adults and children's academic success
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsFried, LP, Carlson, MC, McGill, S, Seeman, T, Xue, QL, Frick, K, Tan, E, Tanner, EK, Barron, J, Frangakis, C, Piferi, R, Martinez, I, Gruenewald, T, Martin, BK, Berry-Vaughn, L, Stewart, J, Dickersin, K, Willging, PR, Rebok, GW
JournalContemporary Clinical Trials
Volume36
Pagination1-13
Date PublishedSep
ISBN Number1559-2030 (Electronic)1551-7144 (Linking)
Accession Number23680986
Keywords*Aging, Activities of Daily Living, Aged, Child, child behavior, Community-Based Participatory Research/*organization & administration, Cross-Sectional Studies, Educational Status, Health Promotion/*organization & administration, Health Status, Humans, Intergenerational Relations, learning, Mental Processes, Mobility Limitation, Postural Balance, Research Design, Retirement/psychology, Schools/*organization & administration, Socioeconomic Factors, Time Factors, Volunteers/*organization & administration/psychology
Abstract

BACKGROUND: As the population ages, older adults are seeking meaningful, and impactful, post-retirement roles. As a society, improving the health of people throughout longer lives is a major public health goal. This paper presents the design and rationale for an effectiveness trial of Experience Corps, an intervention created to address both these needs. This trial evaluates (1) whether senior volunteer roles within Experience Corps beneficially impact children's academic achievement and classroom behavior in public elementary schools and (2) impact on the health of volunteers. METHODS: Dual evaluations of (1) an intention-to-treat trial randomizing eligible adults 60 and older to volunteer service in Experience Corps, or to a control arm of usual volunteering opportunities, and (2) a comparison of eligible public elementary schools receiving Experience Corps to matched, eligible control schools in a 1:1 control:intervention school ratio. OUTCOMES: For older adults, the primary outcome is decreased disability in mobility and Instrumental Activities of Daily Living (IADL). Secondary outcomes are decreased frailty, falls, and memory loss; slowed loss of strength, balance, walking speed, cortical plasticity, and executive function; objective performance of IADLs; and increased social and psychological engagement. For children, primary outcomes are improved reading achievement and classroom behavior in Kindergarten through the 3rd grade; secondary outcomes are improvements in school climate, teacher morale and retention, and teacher perceptions of older adults. SUMMARY: This trial incorporates principles and practices of community-based participatory research and evaluates the dual benefit of a single intervention, versus usual opportunities, for two generations: older adults and children.