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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Examination of race disparities in physical inactivity among adults of similar social context

TitleExamination of race disparities in physical inactivity among adults of similar social context
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsWilson-Frederick, SM, Thorpe, R. J., J, Bell, CN, Bleich, SN, Ford, JG, Laveist, TA
JournalEthn Dis
Volume24
Pagination363-9
Date PublishedSummer
ISBN Number1049-510X (Print)1049-510x
Accession Number25065080
Keywords*African Americans, *European Continental Ancestry Group, *Exercise, *Health Status Disparities, *Social Environment, Adult, Female, Humans, Male, Middle Aged, Poverty/ethnology, Sedentary Lifestyle/ethnology, Social Conditions, Urban Health/*ethnology
Abstract

OBJECTIVE: The objective of the study was to determine whether race disparities in physical inactivity are present among urban low-income Blacks and Whites living in similar social context. DESIGN: This analysis included Black and White respondents ( > or = 18 years) from the Exploring Health Disparities in Integrated Communities-Southwest Baltimore (EHDIC-SWB; N=1350) Study and the National Health Interview Survey (NHIS; N = 67790). Respondents who reported no levels of moderate or vigorous physical activity, during leisure time, over a usual week were considered physically inactive. RESULTS: After controlling for confounders, Blacks had higher adjusted odds of physical inactivity compared to Whites in the national sample (odds ratio [OR] = 1.40; 95% confidence interval [CI] =1.30-1.51). In EHDIC-SWB, Blacks and Whites had a similar odds of physical inactivity (OR = 1.09; 95% CI .86-1.40). CONCLUSION: Social context contributes to our understanding of racial disparities in physical inactivity.