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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Evaluating Strategies For Reducing Health Disparities By Addressing The Social Determinants Of Health

TitleEvaluating Strategies For Reducing Health Disparities By Addressing The Social Determinants Of Health
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsThornton, RL, Glover, CM, Cene, CW, Glik, DC, Henderson, JA, Williams, DR
JournalHealth Aff (Millwood)
Volume35
Pagination1416-23
Date PublishedAug 01
ISBN Number0278-2715
Accession Number27503966
KeywordsDeterminants Of Health, disparities, Minority Health, Public Health
Abstract

The opportunities for healthy choices in homes, neighborhoods, schools, and workplaces can have decisive impacts on health. We review scientific evidence from promising interventions focused on the social determinants of health and discuss how such interventions can improve population health and reduce health disparities. We found sufficient evidence of successful outcomes to support disparity-reducing policy interventions targeted at education and early childhood; urban planning and community development; housing; income enhancements and supplements; and employment. Cost-effectiveness evaluations show that these interventions lead to long-term societal savings, but the interventions require more routine attention to cost considerations. We discuss challenges to implementation, including the need for long-term financing to scale up effective interventions for implementation at the local, state, and national levels.