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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Ethnic Differences in Correlates of Suicidal Behavior Among Women Seeking Help for Intimate Partner Violence

TitleEthnic Differences in Correlates of Suicidal Behavior Among Women Seeking Help for Intimate Partner Violence
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsCavanaugh, CE, Messing, JT, Eyzerovich, E, Campbell, JC
JournalCrisis
Volume36
Pagination257-66
Date PublishedJul
ISBN Number0227-5910 (Print)0227-5910
Accession Number26440622
Keywordsethnic differences, Intimate partner violence, suicidal behavior, women
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Women abused by an intimate partner are at risk of engaging in nonfatal suicidal behavior and suicidal communication (NSBSC). No studies have examined ethnic differences in correlates of NSBSC among abused women. AIMS: This secondary data analytic study examined whether correlates of NSBSC previously reported among a mixed ethnic sample of women seeking help for abuse by a male intimate partner differed for those who self-identified as Latina (N = 340), African American (N = 184), or European American (N = 67). METHOD: Logistic regression was used to examine correlates of NSBSC separately among Latina, African American, and European American women. RESULTS: More severe violence by a male intimate partner, having a chronic or disabling illness, being younger, and being unemployed were positively associated with NSBSC in bivariate analyses among Latina women, but unemployment did not remain significantly associated with NSBSC in the multiple logistic regression. There were no significant correlates of NSBSC for African American women. Having a chronic illness was significantly associated with NSBSC among European American women. CONCLUSION: Findings suggest the need for culturally tailored suicide prevention interventions and studies that examine risk and protective factors for NSBSC among a diversity of women abused by male intimate partners.