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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

The Effects of Discrimination Are Associated With Cigarette Smoking Among Black Males

TitleThe Effects of Discrimination Are Associated With Cigarette Smoking Among Black Males
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsParker, LJ, Hunte, H, Ohmit, A, Furr-Holden, D, Thorpe, R. J., J
JournalSubst Use Misuse
Volume52
Pagination383-391
Date PublishedFeb 23
ISBN Number1532-2491 (Electronic)1082-6084 (Linking)
Accession Number27779434
Keywordscigarette use, discrimination, Men's health, smoking
Abstract

Previous research has demonstrated that experiencing interpersonal discrimination is associated with cigarette smoking. Few studies have examined the relationship between the effects of physical and emotional discrimination and cigarette usage, and none have examined this relationship among Black men. The aim of this study was to examine the association between the effects of physical and emotional discrimination and cigarette smoking. METHODS: Data from the Indiana Black Men's Health Study, a community-based sample of adult Black men, was used to conduct multivariate logistic regression to examine the relationship between the physical and emotional effects of discrimination and smoking, net of healthcare and workplace discrimination, age, education, household income, and being married. RESULTS: After adjusting for having an emotional response to discrimination, health care and workplace discrimination, age, education, household income, and being married, males who had a physical response to discrimination (e.g., upset stomach or headache) had higher odds of cigarette use (odds ratio (OR): 1.95, 95% confidence interval (CI): 1.15-3.30) than men who did not have a physical response to discrimination. CONCLUSION: Findings from the study suggest that Black males may use cigarette smoking as a means to mitigate the stress associated with experiences of discrimination. Future research is needed further to explore if and how Black males use cigarette smoking to cope with unfair treatment.