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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

The effect of volunteer home visitation for adolescent mothers on parenting and mental health outcomes: A randomized trial

TitleThe effect of volunteer home visitation for adolescent mothers on parenting and mental health outcomes: A randomized trial
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2002
AuthorsBarnet, B, Duggan, AK, Devoe, M, Burrell, L
JournalArchives of Pediatrics and Adolescent Medicine
Volume156
Pagination1216-1222
ISBN Number10724710 (ISSN)
KeywordsAdolescent, adolescent pregnancy, Adult, article, child parent relation, controlled study, evaluation, Female, health program, House Calls, human, Humans, mental health service, Parenting, priority journal, professional practice, school child, Social Support, Urban Population, Voluntary Workers, volunteer
Abstract

Background: Children of adolescent mothers may suffer because of parenting inadequacies. The use of volunteer home visitors to enhance parenting skills has not been well studied. Objective: To evaluate the effect of a volunteer model home visitation program on adolescent parenting outcomes. Design: Randomized trial with assignment to home visitation or control group. Setting: Urban, African American community. Participants: Adolescents aged 12 to 18 years at 28 or more weeks' gestation or who had delivered a baby in the past 6 months were recruited between February 1996 and August 1999. Intervention: Volunteers were recruited from the community and trained to implement a parenting curriculum during weekly home visits. Each volunteer was paired with one teenager. Main Outcome Measure: Validated instruments measuring parenting stress, parenting behaviors, and mental health. Results: A total of 232 teenagers were successfully randomized to home visitation and control groups. At baseline, the groups were comparable on demographic, social support, and mental health measures. Almost half the teenagers had poor mental health at baseline, and high rates persisted at follow-up in both groups. In multivariate models, the home visitation group demonstrated significantly better parenting behavior scores at follow-up than did the control group (P = .01) but showed no differences in parenting stress or mental health. Conclusions: The volunteer home visitation program significantly improved some parenting outcomes but not parental distress or poor mental health. Volunteers may be an effective means of providing parenting education, but interventions that include specific means of addressing poor mental health are likely to have greater effects.