Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Correlates of Alcohol Use Among Patrons of Alcohol Consumption Venues in Botswana

TitleCorrelates of Alcohol Use Among Patrons of Alcohol Consumption Venues in Botswana
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsKanyangarara, M, Kumoji, EK, Ketlogetswe, D, Anderson, M, Brahmbhatt, H
JournalAIDS Behav
Date PublishedMar
ISBN Number1573-3254 (Electronic)1090-7165 (Linking)
Accession Number26286342
KeywordsAlcohol expectancies, Alcohol use, Botswana, HIV

This study evaluated the correlates of three alcohol measures using a cross-sectional survey conducted among patrons of alcohol-serving venues in Gaborone, Botswana from October 2012 to February 2013. Using logistic regression, we found that engaging in higher levels of sexual risk behaviors was significantly associated with frequent drinking (at least 3 times a week), heavy episodic drinking (more than 6 standard units of alcohol at least weekly) and probable alcohol dependence (AUDIT score >/=20). Additionally, having higher levels of alcohol expectancies that increase the risk of HIV infection was significantly associated with probable alcohol dependence. Although HIV knowledge was generally high in this population, there is need for HIV prevention and alcohol harm reduction efforts to address the role of alcohol in increasing HIV risk and encourage the adoption of safer drinking patterns and the modification of alcohol expectancies.