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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Community, social group, and individual level correlates of rural Malawian men's and women's reproductive health intentions and practices

TitleCommunity, social group, and individual level correlates of rural Malawian men's and women's reproductive health intentions and practices
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsPaz-Soldan, VA, Bisika, T, DeGraft-Johnson, J, Tsui, AO
JournalAfrican Journal of Reproductive Health
Volume16
Pagination57-67
Date PublishedSep
ISBN Number1118-4841 (Print)1118-4841 (Linking)
Accession Number23437500
KeywordsAdult, Contraception Behavior, Female, Health Behavior, HIV Infections/ prevention & control, Humans, Logistic Models, Malawi, Male, reproductive health, Rural Population, Sexual and Reproductive Health, Young Adult
Abstract

Using a sample of 656 men and 930 women from rural Malawi in 2000, the authors examined the association between various individual and community level factors, as well as participation in social groups, and four reproductive health outcomes: intentions to use any contraceptives in the next six months, current use of modem contraceptives, wanting an HIV test, and having had an HIV test. Women in social groups have higher odds of reporting intentions to use contraceptives, wanting an HIV test, and of having had an HIV test than those not in groups. Among men, social group participation is only slightly associated with having had an HIV test. For all, education is positively associated with all four outcomes, and number of children is associated with intentions to use and actual use of contraceptives. At a community level, proximity to a health center or school is positively associated with three outcomes for women and with use of modern contraceptive methods for men.