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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Childhood friendships and psychological difficulties in young adulthood: an 18-year follow-up study

TitleChildhood friendships and psychological difficulties in young adulthood: an 18-year follow-up study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSakyi, KS, Surkan, PJ, Fombonne, E, Chollet, A, Melchior, M
JournalEur Child Adolesc Psychiatry
Volume24
Pagination815-26
Date PublishedJul
ISBN Number1018-8827
Accession Number25316094
KeywordsTransition to Adulthood and Family Demography
Abstract

Childhood friendships have been shown to impact mental health over the short term; however, it is unclear whether these effects are sustained into young adulthood. We studied the prospective association between childhood friendships and psychological difficulties in young adulthood. Data come from 1,103 French 22-35 year olds participating in the TEMPO study. Childhood friendships were ascertained in 1991 when participants were 4-16 years old. Psychological difficulties were measured in 2009 using the Adult Self-Report. Logistic regression models controlled for participants' age, sex, childhood psychological difficulties and parental characteristics. Young adults who had no childhood friends had higher odds of psychological difficulties than those with at least one friend: (adjusted ORs 2.45; 95% CI 1.32-4.66, p = 0.01 for high internalizing symptoms; 1.81; 95% CI 0.94-3.54, p = 0.08 for high externalizing symptoms). Social relations early in life may have consequences for adult psychological well-being.

PMCID

Pmc4398590