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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Childbearing motivations, pregnancy desires, and perceived partner response to a pregnancy among urban female youth: does HIV-infection status make a difference?

TitleChildbearing motivations, pregnancy desires, and perceived partner response to a pregnancy among urban female youth: does HIV-infection status make a difference?
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2012
AuthorsFinocchario-Kessler, S, Sweat, MD, Dariotis, JK, Anderson, JR, Jennings, JM, Keller, JM, Vyas, AA, Trent, ME
JournalAIDS Care
Volume24
Pagination1-11
ISBN Number1360-0451 (Electronic) 0954-0121 (Linking)
Accession Number21777077
KeywordsAdolescent, Baltimore, Female, HIV Infections/ psychology, Humans, Motivation, Pregnancy, Pregnancy in Adolescence/ psychology, Sexual Partners/psychology, Urban Health, Young Adult
Abstract

Despite a growing literature assessing pregnancy desires among HIV-infected women enrolled in clinical care, little attention has been paid to HIV-infected youth for whom pregnancy is a very relevant issue. In urban areas with high rates of teen pregnancy and HIV infection, further understanding of childbearing motivations and relationship dynamics influencing pregnancy desires among female youth is needed. This study compares the childbearing motivations, pregnancy desires, and perceived partner desire for a pregnancy among predominately African-American HIV-infected (n=46) and HIV-uninfected (n=355) female youth (15-24 years). An HIV-infected status was not significantly associated with childbearing motivations or the desire for a future pregnancy, p>0.10. HIV-infection was, however, associated with an increased likelihood to perceive that one's partner would have a positive response to a pregnancy (adjusted odds ratio [aOR] 3.5, 95% confidence interval [CI] 1.2-10.4, p=0.02) compared to uninfected peers. While race was not associated with participants' own desire for a child, white youth were significantly less likely to perceive a positive partner response to becoming pregnant than their African-American peers (aOR 0.23, 95% CI 0.09-0.56, p=0.001). These data suggest that the desire for childbearing is not diminished by HIV infection among urban female youth, highlighting the need for routine, provider-initiated discussions about childbearing with urban youth to minimized unintended pregnancies and HIV transmission.