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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Childbearing Motivations and Desires, Fertility Beliefs, and Contraceptive Use among Urban African-American Adolescents and Young Adults with STI Histories

TitleChildbearing Motivations and Desires, Fertility Beliefs, and Contraceptive Use among Urban African-American Adolescents and Young Adults with STI Histories
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsAlexander, KA, Perrin, N, Jennings, JM, Ellen, J, Trent, M
JournalJ Urban Health
Date PublishedJul 18
ISBN Number1099-3460
Accession Number30022416
Keywordsadolescents, Condoms, contraception, Hormonal contraception, Sexually Transmitted Diseases
Abstract

This study explored the influence of STI history on childbearing motivations, fertility beliefs, current childbearing desires, and contraception use among urban African-American adolescents and young adults (AYA). Secondary data were from the Neighborhood Influences on Adolescent and Young Adult Health (NIAAH) study, conducted from 2004 to 2007. Sample included 517 AYA ages 15-24 years (male: n = 199, female: n = 318). Linear and logistic regression models examined gender differences in childbearing motivations (CBM) and desires, fertility beliefs, condom, and contraception use. Logistic regression models were constructed to examine age, pregnancy history, and STI fertility knowledge as potential confounders. AYA men (3.29) and AYA women (3.23) had similar CBM mean scores. AYA women had more positive CBM and used condoms less. Condom use was not associated with CBM among AYA men (OR = 0.71, p = 0.069). Low beliefs about fertility (OR = 0.52, p = 0.003) and prior pregnancy (OR = 5.27, p = 0.002) were associated with current childbearing desires among AYA women. AYA men's low fertility beliefs were only associated with current childbearing desires (OR = 0.56, p = 0.044). AYA men reported more contraception use (67.46 vs. 55.04%), especially with no partner pregnancy history (OR = 0.26, p = 0.017). Younger men (15 to 18 years old) reported more contraception or condom use compared to older AYA men (19-25 years old) (OR = 0.40, p = 0.016). Young men reporting a partner's prior pregnancy used fewer condoms or contraception (OR = 0.23, p = 0.028). STI history did not influence CBM in this sample of urban youth. Prior pregnancy experiences and chronological age, however, were important milestones shaping proximal motivations and desires to bear children, beliefs about fertility, and contraception behaviors.