Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Chapter 3 The Consequences of Principal and Teacher Turnover for School Social Resources

TitleChapter 3 The Consequences of Principal and Teacher Turnover for School Social Resources
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsHanselman, P, Grigg, J, Bruch, SK, Gamoran, A
JournalResearch in Sociology of Education
Date Published20162017-09-11
ISBN Number1479-3539
Accession Number1819947963
Keywords1432:sociology of education, Educational reform, Elementary schools, High schools, leadership, SOCIOLOGY, sociology of education, Student teacher relationship, Teachers

Staff turnover may have important consequences for the development of collective social resources based on trust, shared norms, and support among school professionals. We outline the theoretical role-specific consequences of principal and teacher turnover for features of principal leadership and teacher community, and we test these ideas in repeated teacher survey data from a sample of 73 Los Angeles elementary schools. We find evidence that principal turnover fundamentally disrupts but does not systematically decrease relational qualities of principal leadership; negative changes for initially high social resource schools offset positive changes for initially low social resource schools, suggesting that relational instability "resets" the resources that develop in the relationships between leadership and teachers. Greater consistency in measures of teacher community in the face of teacher turnover implies that the social resources inhering in the relationships among teachers are more robust to instability.