TabMenu

Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Breakfast Consumption Frequency and Its Relationships to Overall Diet Quality, Using Healthy Eating Index 2010, and Body Mass Index among Adolescents in a Low-Income Urban Setting

TitleBreakfast Consumption Frequency and Its Relationships to Overall Diet Quality, Using Healthy Eating Index 2010, and Body Mass Index among Adolescents in a Low-Income Urban Setting
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2017
AuthorsHopkins, LC, Sattler, M, Steeves, EA, Jones-Smith, JC, Gittelsohn, J
JournalEcol Food Nutr
Volume56
Pagination297-311
Date PublishedJul-Aug
ISBN Number0367-0244
Accession Number28604287
KeywordsAdolescent, breakfast consumption, diet quality HEI 2010, low-income African American, Obesity
Abstract

The aim of this study was to describe the relationship of breakfast frequency to diet quality and BMI among low-income, predominantly African American adolescents aged 9-15 (n = 239). Mean frequency of breakfast consumption was 5.0 +/- 0.15 times per week. A significant, positive relationship was seen between HEI scores and frequency of breakfast consumption (p = .01). Dairy (p = .02) and whole grains (p < .01) HEI component scores were significantly related to breakfast frequency. No relationship was seen between breakfast frequency and BMI. Research with more rigorous designs should be conducted to assess the potential effects of breakfast consumption on diet quality in this population.