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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Barriers and Facilitators to Engaging Communities in Gender-Based Violence Prevention following a Natural Disaster

TitleBarriers and Facilitators to Engaging Communities in Gender-Based Violence Prevention following a Natural Disaster
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2015
AuthorsSloand, E, Killion, C, Gary, FA, Dennis, B, Glass, N, Hassan, M, Campbell, DW, Callwood, GB
JournalJ Health Care Poor Underserved
Volume26
Pagination1377-90
Date PublishedNov
ISBN Number1548-6869 (Electronic)1049-2089 (Linking)
Accession Number26548685
KeywordsFocus Groups, Gender-based violence, Haiti, Natural disasters, Nursing research, Research challenges, Situational analysis
Abstract

Humanitarian workers in disaster settings report a dramatic increase in gender-based violence (GBV). This was true after the 2010 Haiti earthquake when women and girls lost the relative security of their homes and families. Researchers from the United States Virgin Islands and the United States mainland responded by collaborating with Haitian colleagues to develop GBV-focused strategies. To start, the research team performed a situational analysis to insure that the project was culturally, ethically, and logistically appropriate. The aim of this paper is to describe how the situational analysis framework helped the researchers effectively approach this community. Using post-earthquake Haiti as an exemplar, we identify key steps, barriers, and facilitators to undertaking a situational analysis. Barriers included logistics, infrastructure, language and community factors. Facilitators included established experts, organizations and agencies. Researchers in such circumstances need to be respectful of community members as experts and patient with local environmental and cultural conditions.

PMCID

PMC4824059