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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Association Between Any Major Discrimination and Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adult African American Men

TitleAssociation Between Any Major Discrimination and Current Cigarette Smoking Among Adult African American Men
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsParker, LJ, Kinlock, BL, Chisolm, D, Furr-Holden, D, Thorpe, R. J., J
JournalSubst Use Misuse
Volume51
Pagination1593-1599
Date PublishedOct 14
ISBN Number1082-6084
Accession Number27484877
Keywordscigarette use, discrimination, Men's health, smoking
Abstract

BACKGROUND: Findings from previous research has demonstrated a positive relationship between interpersonal discrimination and cigarette smoking. Cigarette smoking is proposed to be an externalizing coping mechanism used to alleviate discrimination. At the national level, it is unclear if discrimination is associated with cigarette smoking among African American men. OBJECTIVE: The aim of the study was to examine the association between discrimination and cigarette smoking among a national sample of African American men. METHODS: Using data from the National Survey of American Life (n = 1,271), multivariable logistic regression was used to examine the relationship between discrimination and cigarette smoking. RESULTS: Thirty-two percent of the men were current smokers. Controlling for everyday discrimination, major discrimination, major stress, depressive symptoms, age, being married, household income, and education, African American men who experienced major discrimination had a higher odd of being a current smoking (odds ratio: 1.11, 95% confidence interval: 1.02-1.21) than African American men who did not experience major discrimination. Conclusion/Importance: Findings suggest that African American men may use cigarette smoking as a mechanism to alleviate the experiences of discrimination. Future studies should continue to examine factors associated with African American men's smoking behavior in efforts to inform culturally relevant interventions.