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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Are there racial disparities in psychotropic drug use and expenditures in a nationally representative sample of men in the United States? Evidence from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey

TitleAre there racial disparities in psychotropic drug use and expenditures in a nationally representative sample of men in the United States? Evidence from the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2014
AuthorsPierre, G, Thorpe, R. J., J, Dinwiddie, GY, Gaskin, DJ
JournalAm J Mens Health
Volume8
Pagination82-90
Date PublishedJan
ISBN Number1557-9891 (Electronic)1557-9883 (Linking)
Accession Number23884790
Keywordsaccess to care, Adult, African Americans/statistics & numerical data, Asian Americans/statistics & numerical data, Cross-Sectional Studies, Drug Prescriptions/statistics & numerical data, Drug Utilization/*economics/*statistics & numerical data, Ethnic Groups/statistics & numerical data, European Continental Ancestry Group/statistics & numerical data, Health Expenditures/*statistics & numerical data, health inequality/disparity, health policy issues, Hispanic Americans/statistics & numerical data, Humans, Male, Mental Disorders/*drug therapy/*ethnology, Mental Health, Mental Health/*ethnology, Middle Aged, Population Surveillance/methods, Psychotropic Drugs/*therapeutic use, United States/epidemiology, Young Adult
Abstract

This article sought to determine whether racial disparities exist in psychotropic drug use and expenditures in a nationally representative sample of men in the United States. Data were extracted from the 2000-2009 Medical Expenditure Panel Survey, a longitudinal survey that covers the U.S. civilian noninstitutionalized population. Full-Year Consolidated, Medical Conditions, and Prescribed Medicines data files were merged across 10 years of data. The sample of interest was limited to adult males aged 18 to 64 years, who reported their race as White, Black, Hispanic, or Asian. This study employed a pooled cross-sectional design and a two-part probit generalized linear model for analyses. Minority men reported a lower probability of psychotropic drug use (Black=-4.3%, 95% confidence interval [CI]=[-5.5, -3.0]; Hispanic=-3.8%, 95% CI=[-5.1, -2.6]; Asian=-4.5%, 95% CI=[-6.2, -2.7]) compared with White men. After controlling for demographic, socioeconomic, and health status variables, there were no statistically significant race differences in drug expenditures. Consistent with previous literature, racial and ethnic disparities in the use of psychotropic drugs present problems of access to mental health care and services.

PMCID

PMC3836841