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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

American adults eligible for the Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program consume more sugary beverages than ineligible adults

TitleAmerican adults eligible for the Supplemental Nutritional Assistance Program consume more sugary beverages than ineligible adults
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2013
AuthorsBleich, SN, Vine, S, Wolfson, JA
JournalPreventive Medicine
Volume57
Pagination894-9
Date PublishedDec
ISBN Number1096-0260 (Electronic)0091-7435 (Linking)
Accession Number24128951
Abstract

BACKGROUND: There is considerable debate about whether sugar-sweetened beverages (SSBs) should be allowable purchases with benefits from the Supplemental Nutrition Assistance Program (SNAP). PURPOSE: To examine national patterns in adult consumption of SSBs by SNAP eligibility. METHODS: Cross-sectional analysis of 24-hour dietary recall data obtained from the National Health and Nutrition Examination Survey 2003-2010 (N=17,198), analyzed in 2013. RESULTS: In 2003-2010, 65% of adults receiving SNAP consumed SSBs, averaging 307cal daily, and 74g of sugar. Compared to adults ineligible for SNAP, adults receiving SNAP consumed a higher percentage of SSBs (65% vs. 59%, p<0.001), more calories from SSB per capita (210kcal vs. 175kcal, p=0.001), and more daily calories from SSBs among drinkers (307kcal vs. 278kcal, p=0.008). Overall, per capita consumption from SSBs was highest among adults receiving SNAP (210kcal, 9% total daily intake), followed by adults eligible but not participating in SNAP (192kcal, 8% total daily intake) - both of which had significantly higher SSB consumption than ineligible adults (175kcal, 8% total daily intake) (p<0.05). CONCLUSION: Adults eligible for SNAP benefits consume more SSBs than ineligible adults.

PMCID

3842507