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Poverty and InequalitySexual and Reproductive HealthFamily, Maternal & Child HealthMethodology

Adolescents' Responses to an Unintended Pregnancy in Ghana: A Qualitative Study

TitleAdolescents' Responses to an Unintended Pregnancy in Ghana: A Qualitative Study
Publication TypeJournal Article
Year of Publication2016
AuthorsAziato, L, Hindin, MJ, Maya, ET, Manu, A, Amuasi, SA, Lawerh, RM, Ankomah, A
JournalJ Pediatr Adolesc Gynecol
Volume29
Pagination653-658
Date PublishedDec
ISBN Number1873-4332 (Electronic)1083-3188 (Linking)
Accession Number27346553
Keywords*Adolescent partner reaction, *Emotional reaction, *Focus group discussion, *Ghana, *Parent reaction, *Partner reaction, *Unintended pregnancy, Abortion, Induced/psychology, Adolescent, Anger, Child, Female, Focus Groups, Ghana, Humans, Male, Parents/psychology, Perception, Pregnancy, Pregnancy in Adolescence/*psychology, Pregnancy, Unplanned/*psychology, Pregnancy, Unwanted/*psychology, Qualitative Research, Sexual Partners/psychology, Shame, Young Adult
Abstract

STUDY OBJECTIVE: To investigate the experiences and perceptions of adolescents who have experienced a recent pregnancy and undergone a termination of pregnancy. DESIGN: A vignette-based focus group approach was used to have adolescents reflect on scenarios that happen to others during an unwanted pregnancy. SETTING: The study was conducted in public health facilities in the 3 major urban areas of Ghana-Accra, Kumasi, and Tamale. PARTICIPANTS, INTERVENTIONS, AND MAIN OUTCOME MEASURES: Adolescents, aged 10-19 years, who had a recent termination of pregnancy were recruited from public health facilities in the 3 sites. Fifteen focus groups were conducted and digitally recorded in English, Twi, Ga, and Dagbani. Transcripts were transcribed and translated, and thematic analysis was used for the analysis. RESULTS: Adolescents reported that the characters in the vignettes would feel sadness, depression, and regret from an unintended pregnancy and some male partners would "deny" the pregnancy or suggest an abortion. They suggested some parents would "be angry" and "sack" their children for becoming pregnant while others would "support" them. Parents might send the pregnant girl to a distant friend or grandparents until she delivers to avoid shame and gossip. Health professionals might encourage the pregnant girl or insult/gossip about the girl. CONCLUSION: Adolescent unintended pregnancies in Ghana are met with a range of reactions and these reactions influence the pregnancy choices young women make for continuation or termination of pregnancy.